The hill known as Fort Canning is probably the single most important archaeological heritage site within Singapore. Under nineteenth century layers of gardens, military fort and park there were vestiges of much earlier settlement as revealed by excavation of 14th century buildings of the Temasek Kingdom. ICN was part of the team that developed a vision of engaging public space landscape and amenities for the whole precinct.

Expressing the heritage, unlocking history, shaping access and allowing appropriate commercial activities were critical aspects of a strong framework of conserving the landscape character. Fort Canning hill rises steeply above the surrounding Bras Basah district, making walking a hot and tiring activity. Encouraging public movement throughout the precinct we mapped the existing traffic and public transport joining these to new pedestrian routes with outdoor escalators to surmount significant level changes. Developing these pedestrian patterns we re-connected Bras Basah with the Museum of Singapore, SMU Campus and Fort Canning into a vibrant cultural district.


  • Feasibility and background research
  • Site analysis and master- planning


  • Parkland master-plan
  • Public realm pedestrian strategy
  • Landscape design concept
  • Feature park area amenities plan